Encrypt and Decrypt data using RSA with Openssl

What is RSA?

What is OpenSSL?

Generate private key:

  • openssl genrsa -out privatekey.pem 2048
  • openssl genrsa  // private key is written to stdout

Generate public key from the private key generated above:

  • openssl rsa -pubout -in privatekey.pem -out publickey.pem
  • openssl rsa -pubout  // copy paste the private key from the stdout; public key will be displayed on the screen

You must have your public and private keys in two files to continue. I have my public key in publickey.pem and private key in privatekey.pem and data to be encrypted in data.txt. Lets now encrypt and decrypt to check the correctness.

  • openssl rsautl -in data.txt -out encrypted_data.txt -inkey publickey.pem -encrypt -pubin

You will have encrypted_data.txt file created and you will see some wierd characters if you open it. Don’t worry, that is the exact purpose of encryption: make it not readable unless you decrypt with private key. So now lets use our private key to decrypt. Lets see if we get our original data back.

  • openssl rsautl -in encrypted_data.txt -out decrypted_data.txt  -inkey publickey.pem -encrypt -pubin

Compare data.txt and decrypted_data.txt and see the magic.. 😛

Published by

Sreejith

A strong believer of: 1. Knowledge is power 2. Progress comes from proper application of knowledge 3. Reverent attains wisdom 4. For one's own salvation, and for the welfare of the world

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